A farm that is mined will be returned to farmland – and is often more productive as a result, with enhanced soil fertility.
Conservation land or native forest will be returned, with plantings, translocation of native wildlife, pest management, and with time doing the rest.
New land uses or facilities may be created by mining. An open pit or tailings dam may be formed into a pond, lake, or wetland, for conservation or community use. Roads may be retained as part of the transport network. The Macraes gold mine in East Otago built a trout hatchery; Newmont Waihi Gold restored a river that had been damaged by historic gold mining; Stockton mine on the West Coast of the South Island is breeding kiwi and protecting them from predators.
Mining companies engage with Māori and the community as they work through the various stages of their planning and work.