Mining today is a high-tech industry operating safely and responsibly, employing highly skilled people producing essential materials.
Globally, minerals that have been relatively easy to locate and extract have been mined. The challenge now is a multi-disciplinary one: to work at greater depth and at lower ore grades while managing costs; and managing the rightfully higher expectations of society in areas like environmental management. All this work requires improved technologies.
The transition to a greener world will require more mining, not less. This is because for an equivalent capacity, solar, wind, hydro and geothermal electricity generation technologies require more steel, concrete, aluminium, glass, copper, and rare earth elements than fossil fuel, or nuclear-based facilities.
Mining is going to need more workers and it is a highly paid sector that can include field work, environmental management, or mastering technology and creating new ways of doing things.